Using jenv to select Java version on macOS
When working on OpenWhisk, I discovered that it needed a different Java to the one I had installed. Looking around the Internet, I discovered jenv which shouldn’t have surprised me as I use pyenv and I’m aware of rbenv too.
As I use Homebrew, these are the commands I used.
Firstly install jenv, the latest Java (15 at this time) and any other versions you need. Java 8 and 12 in this example:
$ brew install jenv $ brew install java $ brew tap AdoptOpenJDK/openjdk $ brew install --cask adoptopenjdk12 $ brew install --cask adoptopenjdk8
We now add jenv to our terminal by adding the following to .bash_profile:
export PATH="$HOME/.jenv/bin:$PATH" eval "$(jenv init -)"
Restart your terminal to pick up the change.
The next step is to add our Java versions to jenv:
$ jenv add /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/jdk-15.0.1.jdk/Contents/Home/ $ jenv add /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/adoptopenjdk-12.jdk/Contents/Home/ $ jenv add /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/adoptopenjdk-8.jdk/Contents/Home/
The exact versions depend on what you have installed. ls /Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/ will tell you.
jenv’s versions will provide you a list of the available versions on your system:
$ jenv versions * system (set by /Users/rob/.jenv/version) 1.8 220.127.116.115 12 12.0 12.0.2 15 15.0 15.0.1 openjdk64-18.104.22.1685 openjdk64-12.0.2 oracle64-15.0.1
Update: with newer version of jenv, use jenv local
I like to set a given Java version on a per-directory basis using jenv local. For example to set Java 12 for OpenWhisk, I navigate to ~/Project/openwhisk and type:
$ jenv version 12
This will create a .java-version file in the directory with the specified version.
Whenever you I navigate to this directory or a sub-directory of it, then jenv will ensure that Java 12 will be used.